The history of Ankara is based on ancient times. As a matter of fact, the excavations in Bağlum, Çubuk Dam and Maltepe have found objects belonging to ancient times. Alatlıbel and Etiyokuşu are peoples that survived from ancient times. The known history of Ankara is based on Hittites. When the Hittite Empire dominated Anatolia, Hattuşaş (Bogazköy), which was 160 km away from Ankara, became the capital; For this reason, there are traces belonging to the Hittites in Ankara.
After the demise of the Hittite Empire, The Phrygians who dominated Anatolia in the eighth century, have had Ankara. They built the cities of the Phrygians on the hills (mounds) made of mounded soil. There were found graves and goods belonging to the Phrygians on the top of the mound near 20 Forest Farms. Midas, the son of Phrygian king Gordius, expanded Ankara. Since Ankara is on the way of migration, trade and conquest between Europe and Asia, Lidyalılar, Persians, Galatians, Bergamans, Macedonian king Alexander the Great and Romans were invaded. While under the administration of the Roman Empire (AD 189-395), he remained in the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) administration between 395-684 on the division of Rome. In 684, the Islamic army captured Ankara. In Ankara there are many tombs of the Eshab-ı kiram (places are not certain). At the time of the Abbasids, in the time of Caliph Aaron Rashid, Ankara was completely conquered. From then on, Ankara occasionally changed hands among Muslims and Byzantines.
In the Battle of Malazgirt in 1071 Alparslan beat the Byzantine armies and disintegrated, Seljuk Turks quickly fought Anatolia. They took Ankara in 1073. If the Byzantines were attacked twice to get Ankara back, they are punished. When Ilkhanians invaded Seljuk country, Ankara was in possession of Ilkhanians for 40 years. In the 1210 Mongolian occupation Sultan Secondary Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev sheltered Ankara. In 1341 the "Ahi Organization" seized the political power of Ankara with the confusion in Anatolia. Peace and confidence were provided. In 1354, Ahir made his wish with Ankara and handed over his son and Rumeli conqueror Süleyman Pasha in the time of Orhan Gazi. Thus, Ankara became the land of the Ottoman State in 1354.
The headquarters of the National Struggle in the War of Independence, headquarters, the work place of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, which was opened on 23 April 1920, became the capital of the new republic on 13 October 1923.
Hamamönü is a historical district located in Altındağ district of Ankara province. The 19th century civil architecture example in the district was restored by restoring the historical buildings. Hamamönü, a Turkish boy named Oğuzların Bayindir boyader'dan Karacabey'in has taken from the double bath. The historical Karacabey Bath is here. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Museum House is located in Mehmet Akif Ersoy Park where the National Anthem is written and in the park. The baths in the hamam; Taceddin Sultan Mosque, Haci Ilyas Mosque, Haci Musa Mosque, Sarikadı Mosque, Mehmet Çelebi Mosque. The mansions in the bathhouse; Kamil Pasha Mansion, Beynamlizade Mansion, Kabakçı Mansion. The houses dating from the last period of Ottoman times are entirely decorated with Turkish motifs, and when you visit the streets, you feel like you are in the 19th century. You can breathe the social life of 150 years ago today.
HISTORY OF ANKARA
After Ankara became the capital of the newly established Turkey, Ulus which is the old part of the city of new developments and the new part, Yenişehir, were divided. Old buildings reminiscent of Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman history and narrow streets represent the old part. The new part is a city near the present Kızılay, a city with broader streets, hotels, theaters, shopping centers and more modern buildings with high buildings. Government buildings and foreign embassies were also in this new section.
Anıtkabir is a memorial tomb of the Turkish War of Independence, the leader of the revolutions and Turkey's first president, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, in Ankara Anıttepe (formerly Rasattepe). The fourth president, Cemal Gürsel, was also buried in the revolutionary martyrdom section in 1966 (issued on 27 August 1988 in accordance with Article 2 of the State Cemetery Law of 6 November 1981). Since 1973 İsmet İnönü's Kabri is also in Anıtkabir.